Although many would argue that genetics influence health the most, automobiles offer a greater impact. They offer you an easy mode of transport all in innocence. However, health bears the brunt of their emissions. The health impacts of auto emissions depend on the nature of the pollutant and the concentration inhaled.
Nevertheless, the residual effect of pollutants on the respiratory surface and the other organs is of essence. To understand the impacts of pollutants, you ought to have figured out its effects. It is no news that auto emissions are harmful.
However, the exact manner in which it happens still remains a mystery to many people. Are you curious to know the exact components of these auto emissions and how they impact your health?
Components of vehicle emissions
Although engine smoke seems to be the embodiment of toxicity, its components are. The most common pollutant is carbon monoxide. It is yielded from the incomplete combustion of fuel in the engine. The gas is colorless, odorless and poisonous. It is sometimes referred to as the silent killer. Another common pollutant is Ozone. It is formed when hydrocarbons that are components of fuels combine with nitrogen oxide compounds in the air.
Sulphur Dioxide is the third component. It results from the burning of Sulphur containing fuels. Sadly, Lead that has ceased to be used as an anti-knock for engines is still a great threat. Toxic air pollutants such as benzene and particulate matter sum up the list. I hope Chemistry terms are not a problem though…
Effects of vehicle emissions on health
Motor vehicle emission causes respiratory problems. Patients always show cardiopulmonary problems such as coronary heart disease, lung cancer, persistent wheezing and lower peak expiratory flow. In addition, they also experience irritation of the pulmonary tract and the eye, cough, phlegm, lightheadedness, and nausea.
Moreover, they also experience systemic and pulmonary inflammatory response and bronchoconstriction symptoms. The other common symptoms are sensitization to pollen chronic bronchitis, asthma and atherosclerosis mutation of genetic material of cells and chromosomal and DNA damage. The above-mentioned symptoms are so costly to the health of an individual and can lead to problems such as death, complications, autism among other problems.
Sadly, the complications of the effects of vehicle emissions can lead to death. Complications such as lung cancer, bronchoconstriction, and chronic bronchitis are very adverse and can lead to the passing on of an individual. The biological and psychological effects of death are enormous that anybody would be so reluctant to go through. It also leaves behind financial complication that might prove very costly. Vehicle emissions are costly indeed.
Disease management costs
Diseases are a part of a living that we go through in our day-to-day life. However, some diseases result from the exposure to vehicle emissions. Patients suffer the cost implications that accompany their medications and undertaking disease management programs. Cancer, for instance, requires very expensive and consistent medical therapies that would prove very costly. Some complications such as asthma increase the sensitivity of a person as they try to minimize exposure to causative agents.
Individuals that have undergone the effects of pollution suffer mutation of genetic material of cells, chromosomal and DNA damage. According to the National Center for Environmental Health, pollutants such as Ozone, Nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter contribute to the risk of autism. Consequently, individuals suffer from developmental, behavioral, cognitive and psychological disorders. Susceptible individuals are likely to suffer serious arterial vascular thrombotic events on exposure to high levels of air pollutants. Such cases can get very nasty if you have not witnessed.
It is evident that the impacts of vehicle emissions are very harmful. It would be oblivious to eradicate vehicles due to their convenience. However, can you really enjoy driving vehicles while reducing the risk of health problems caused by exposure to vehicle emissions? The most convenient way is to cut down their number to minimize emissions.
Methods such as carpool, use of mass transit, cycling or walking would come in handy. It is also important to take your car for servicing and regular maintenance as directed by the manufacturer. If you are not using your car, you can keep it in good condition by having the best car covers.
If you are still contemplating on minimizing vehicle pollution, try putting yourself into a victims shoes buddy.